The Grand Canyon is one of the greatest natural wonders of the earth. It is one of the deepest canyons in the world, in places where the height reaches 1800 meters. It is 446 km long and about 29km wide.
For two billion years the Colorado river has struggled between the rocks and combined with shifts lifting and erosion which created this colorful deep chasm with sheer cliffs. Today every american is proud with the G rand Canyon. Those who have had the opportunity to experience this natural phenomenon remained silent before his greatness.
The bottom of the gorge is a typical Mexican desert landscape with various cacti and agave. The rich fauna includes large variety of birds, mammals, reptiles and fish. The region has some rare species such as the kaybabaska white-tailed marten and others. The most common is the California condor, which is on the list of endangered species since 1967. In 2005 their number was 250, with 45 of them in Arizona. Besides it among the rocks you can see sheep, mountain lions, American coyote, lynx, skunks and others.
The biggest defender of this geological phenomenon was President Theodore Roosevelt. Once in 1903 he visited it and remained fascinated. Despite his enthusiasm and his great interest to preserve the lands from public use, the Grand Canyon became a national park in 1919 when President Woodrow Wilson gave it this status.
Grand Canyon is annually visited by over 4 million tourists wishing to experience the miracle of its constantly changing pastel colors and unpredictable game of lights and shadows. The best time to go there is during the summer, early fall or late spring, but according to the locals the winter is the best season to visit, because then the view is really indescribably beautiful. There are people visiting from all over the world. Some use that they are nearby to visit it. And if you are one of those and you are in Las Vegas, the best way to do that is to book a helicopter tour to Grand Canyon from Las Vegas.
Grand Canyon National Park is a spectacular creation of Mother Nature and is definitely one of the places that each of us should visit in their lifetime.
Khao Yai National Park is one of the most beautiful places in exotic Thailand. The greater part is located in the ancient lands of the province of Nakhon Ratchasima, known in the past as corals. This is the home of one of the most pleasant and intelligent cat breeds today – Korat, called “cats of happiness.”
This is the first national park of Thailand, founded in 1962 thanks to one of the most famous Thai naturalists and environmentalists Boonsong Lekagul. It is the second largest in the country with an area of 2168 square kilometers and it includes evergreen forests and grassy areas of hilly and mountainous terrain at an altitude of 400 to 1000 meters. The waterfalls in the Khao Yai are among the most beautiful in the world – especially the 80-meter Haew Narok and Haeo Suwat known from Danny Boyle’s film with Leonardo DiCaprio “The Beach”.
Khao Yai National Park is home to 3,000 plant species, 320 bird species and 67 mammal species The most popular of them are the Asian black bear, Asian elephant, tigers, gibbons, Indian bison, the strange appearance Indian sambar deer, and even the stranger barking deer.
Recent studies within the park shows that the few living here tigers are threatened by human activities in its center. The study does not take into account, however, the government announced for the concession in the park for building motels, cottages and chalets. And so the threat to tigers may become more real, and perhaps will promptly take the necessary measures to protect them.
Khao Yai is often visited by travelers and tourists from Isan, Bangkog and even further. There are over 50 kilometers of hiking trails and paths – the only way to discover the park.
Evening at dusk you can see sambar deer and sometimes elephants, and curious cat like creatures of the family Viverridae. According to zoologists there are some of the most primitive modern predators with a structure of the skeleton which lived on Earth 50 million years ago.
The National Parks Tsavo East and Tsavo West are among the oldest and largest in Kenya. Established in April 1948, they are located in an area of 10 million acres. They are named after the name of the Tsavo river , which runs through the park from east to west and flows into the Galana river. The dividing line between the eastern and western parts of this vast territory goes along Highway 109A and railway Uganda – Kenya. Tsavo East is located entirely within the territory of Kenya, Tsavo West is bordered by Kenya National Park Chyulu Hills to the northwest and reserve Mkomazi in southwest Tanzania.
The national parks form a single, protected territory with an area larger than the island of Jamaica! Lands along the river Tsavo are mostly semi-arid grassy areas, there are some very interesting rock formations But the most valuable here is the huge beautifully preserved biodiversity of plant and animal species in all their glory in their natural environment.
Tsavo East is slightly larger in size and generally flat. Here are located 3 unique and geological formations – Yatta plateau, Lugard falls and Mudanda rock.
Tsavo West is predominantly mountainous terrain, although there are swampy areas. You can find here the Jipe lake, which is a treasure trove of rare bird species, as well as the “live” spring Mzymta (the word “Mzymta” means “alive”).
Streaming crystal clear water become known worldwide thanks to the documentary film by Alan Roth “Mzymta: portrait of a Spring“. The film presents the life under the water of the black hippos and crocodiles – these are normal inhabitants of the two large pools of Mzymta springs that are connected by a series of rapids, surrounded by date palm trees The upper pool for some unknown reason is a favorite of hippos while crocodiles prefer lower pool.
The National Park is one of the world’s largest wild game reserves, which keeps intact the natural environment of a huge number of animals. The park is also home to 500 species of birds.
Although some artifacts from the early Stone Age, it seems that the man entered the territory of today’s Tsavo in the late Stone Age about 6,000 years ago The main fields of traces of ancient settlements were discovered on the banks of the river Galana The inhabitants are engaged in fishing, hunting, but also have pet animals.
Yellowstone was founded on March 1, 1872 and is the world’s first national park to protect wildlife. It is part of the UNESCO’s World Heritage. Its name comes from the characteristic golden color of the rocks in the park.
The main part of the park (96%) is located within the state of Wyoming, but parts of it exist in Montana and Idaho. The unique Yellowstone is known for its beautiful wildlife, beautiful scenery and numerous geothermal sources. There are are unique lakes, rivers, canyons and caves on its vast territory.
Yellowstone Lake is located in the center of Yellowstone caldera (considered the largest supervolcano on the continent) and is the largest mountain lake in North America. Some have suggested that this is a huge dormant volcano that has erupted several times in the last two million years.
Yellowstone National Park is host of the one of only five in the world geyser fields. The geysers (around 3000) are among the most popular attractions of the park and the most famous of them is the geyser Old Faithful.
Yellowstone is home to about 2,000 species of plants and hundreds of species of mammals, birds, reptiles and fish – some of them endangered. The majority of the park is covered with forests of alpine type and the other part – with the steppes. Each year the park forest fires broke out – some with disastrous consequences. Last disastrous fire in 1988 burned about one third of the forest.
The rivers and lakes are among the most beautiful sights of the park, although they only occupy about 5% of its area. Interestingly, part of the rivers flow (not directly) in the Atlantic Ocean, and the other in the Pacific Ocean. To the first belong the Yellowstone River, flowing out of a lake. It flows into the Missouri River – the largest tributary of the Mississippi river. Snake River sends its snow and crystal waters to the Pacific Ocean – the largest tributary of the beautiful Columbia River River. Yellowstone National Park is famous for its beautiful waterfalls – over 290 of them are higher than 4.5 meters!
Rocky Mountains are part of the mountain chain that follows the west coast of North America. These mountains occupy a vast area which includes five national parks. Four of them – Banff, Jasper, and Yoho and Kootenay are connected not only with each other but with three contiguous national parks in British Columbia. In 1984 they were declared by UNESCO as monuments of World Heritage.
The Rocky Mountains located within Canada are older and their geological structure is different from those that spread throughout the United States. Their structure is built mostly of sedimentary rocks that have been exposed to the relentless influence of glaciation and as a result have received sharp rocky peaks separated by wide valleys carved by glaciers. The highest peak is Robson – 3954 meters.
The backbone of the Rocky Mountains is the watershed that separates the Alberta from British Columbia. The view from both sides of the mountain is very picturesque, though the best known national parks are Banff and Jasper. Several roads have been built along the mountains and four of them cross through the mountain range. The most interesting of these roads pass through Glacier National Park with its impressive glacial peaks and sparkling turquoise alpine lakes.
The Rocky Mountains are one of the most beautiful uninhabited parts of the planet. Here you can indulge in hiking, riding, or climbing. The bravest can get a helicopter to the incredibly beautiful places for tourism, which in spring are covered with a carpet of wild flowers or again with a helicopter to be taken to the pristine slopes in winter. So you can get to the ski resorts and take a few downhills in loose snow from different heights.
Photo: Steve Jurvetson. Source: http://flickr.com/photos/jurvetson/604231/.
Yoho National Park is the smallest of the four, forming the National parks system of Canada, protected by UNESCO as being monuments of the natural heritage. It is located in the southeastern part of British Columbia at the western hillsides of the Rocky Mountains. The park is amazingly beautiful. There are snowy peaks, glacial lakes, waterfalls, wild rivers and vast dark forests.
In 1909 Charles Walcott fond here unique trove of fossils since the Cambria. 515 million years ago, when the region was a bottom of shallow warm sea, more than 120 kinds of molluscs left their traces. Later он, the land has risen ин order today’s mountain ranges to appear. The discovered lower life forms in Burgess Shale have bizarre shapes and their fossils gave scientists much new information about the very evolutionary process. Up to now only two fossils of these types are known.
These rocky mountains were true hell for the builders of the Canadian Pacific Railway line, but their work has transformed into two wonderful spiral tunnel which climb up the mountain to the pass Kicking Horse. The majestic river with the same name has created a natural passage in the solid rock and the water erosion has created a large curved daggers resting on columns of glacial rocks known as Hoodoo. The reason for the unique color of the Emerald lake are the melting glaciers. The third largest waterfall in the country is located near the lake. If you want to get to all of the landmarks of the area, you can do it by car or by foot hiking a part of the 400km of well-maintained hiking trails.